How Do I Identify Genuine Amber Jewelry?

Are you a fan of jewelry and always on the lookout for unique pieces? If so, you may have come across amber jewelry and wondered if it’s authentic. Identifying genuine amber can be quite a challenge, especially with the abundance of imitation products in the market. However, fear not! In this article, you will discover some valuable tips and tricks to help you differentiate between genuine amber and its impostors. So, the next time you’re browsing through a collection of beautiful amber jewelry, you can be confident in your ability to identify the real deal.

Physical Properties of Amber


Amber comes in a wide range of colors, from warm golden yellows to deep oranges, reds, browns, and even greenish shades. The color of amber is determined by the tree resin it originates from and the minerals present in the surrounding environment. When evaluating the color of amber, look for a rich and vibrant hue that is consistent throughout the piece.


Amber can have varying degrees of transparency, ranging from completely opaque to highly translucent. The transparency of amber can affect its value and overall appearance. High-quality amber tends to have a clear or semi-transparent appearance with a soft glow when held up to the light.


Amber has a relatively low hardness on the Mohs scale, ranging from 2 to 2.5. This means that it is softer than materials such as quartz or glass. As a result, genuine amber can be easily scratched with a sharp object. However, it is important to note that some imitations or look-alike materials can also be relatively soft, so hardness alone is not a foolproof method of identifying genuine amber.

Electrostatic Properties

One unique characteristic of genuine amber is its ability to develop static electricity when rubbed. This phenomenon, known as triboelectricity, causes amber to attract lightweight materials such as small pieces of paper or hair. This electrostatic property has been used as a traditional test for amber’s authenticity for centuries.

Visual Inspection

Examining Surface

During a visual inspection, carefully examine the surface of the amber for any signs of irregularities or imperfections. Genuine amber may have natural inclusions or small surface blemishes, but these should not detract significantly from its overall appearance. Look for a smooth and polished surface, as quality amber is often carefully crafted and finished.

Looking for Inclusions

Inclusions are naturally occurring materials that become trapped within the amber during fossilization. These can include plant matter, insects, or air bubbles. Genuine amber often contains unique and fascinating inclusions, which can not only enhance its beauty but also provide scientific insights into the past. Take the time to examine any potential inclusions under magnification, as they can be a valuable indicator of authenticity.

Checking for Bubbles

Bubbles are another important feature to consider when inspecting amber. Genuine, natural amber does not typically have large or visible air bubbles. However, some imitations or fake amber may contain trapped air bubbles or unnatural imperfections. Carefully inspect the amber under good lighting conditions to ensure there are no suspicious bubbles or irregularities that may suggest a counterfeit material.

Scent Test

One simple yet effective test to identify genuine amber is the scent test. Genuine amber has a distinct and pleasant pine-like scent when heated or rubbed vigorously. This is due to the release of aromatic compounds embedded within the resin. If you suspect you have a piece of real amber, gently warm it in your hands and sniff for this characteristic aroma. However, it is worth noting that this method may not be conclusive, as some imitations can be scented with artificial aromas.

UV Light Test

Amber exhibits a unique fluorescence under ultraviolet (UV) light. By shining a UV light source onto the piece of amber, you can observe a strong blue or greenish glow. This fluorescence is caused by the presence of organic compounds within the amber. While the UV light test is not foolproof, it is a helpful tool to differentiate genuine amber from some imitations that do not display this fluorescence.

Rubbing Test

As mentioned before, genuine amber develops static electricity when rubbed vigorously. To perform the rubbing test, simply rub the amber vigorously with a soft cloth or your hands for a few seconds. If the amber becomes charged and attracts lightweight materials such as pieces of paper or hair, it is a good indication that you have authentic amber.

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Heat Test

Amber has a relatively low melting point compared to many other gemstones. To conduct a heat test, hold the piece of amber near a heat source, such as a hot needle or a lighter flame (without direct contact). Genuine amber will emit a pleasant pine-like odor as it heats up, similar to the scent test described earlier. However, exercise caution when performing the heat test, as excessive heat or prolonged exposure to flames can damage the amber.

Expert Evaluation

For a definitive assessment of the authenticity and quality of amber jewelry, it is advisable to seek the expertise of a reputable gemologist or jewelry professional. These experts have training and experience in identifying genuine amber and can provide a thorough evaluation based on various tests, including microscopic examination, chemical analysis, and advanced gemological equipment. Their expertise can help ensure confidence in your purchase.

Purchasing from Reputable Sellers

Research the Seller

Before buying amber jewelry, take the time to research the seller or retailer. Look for established and reputable businesses with a track record of selling genuine gemstones and jewelry. Check customer reviews and ratings, as well as any certifications or memberships to professional organizations. A trusted seller will have a transparent and reliable business history, ensuring that you are purchasing authentic amber.

Check for Authenticity Certificates

Reputable sellers often provide authenticity certificates for their amber jewelry. These certificates verify the origin and authenticity of the amber, and they may include details such as the type of amber, the presence of any inclusions, and the manufacturing process. When purchasing high-value or collectible pieces of amber, insist on obtaining an authenticity certificate from the seller to guarantee the authenticity of your purchase.

Consider Price

While price alone is not a definitive indicator of genuine amber, it can provide some insight into its authenticity. Keep in mind that genuine amber is relatively rare and has a unique value due to its natural origin and the time required for its formation. If a deal seems too good to be true or significantly cheaper compared to other similar pieces on the market, it could be a red flag indicating the potential presence of fake amber or lower-quality imitations.

Read Customer Reviews

Customer reviews can be a valuable source of information about the quality and authenticity of amber jewelry sold by a particular seller. Check for reviews and feedback from previous customers to assess their experiences and satisfaction levels. Positive reviews and testimonials can instill confidence in the seller’s reputation and the authenticity of their products.

Beware of Fake Amber

Plastic or Glass Imitations

Some of the most common imitations of amber include plastic or glass substitutes. These materials can mimic the appearance of genuine amber, but they lack the unique physical and chemical properties of authentic amber. Plastic or glass imitations are often lighter, colder to the touch, and less likely to exhibit the electrostatic properties or fluorescence of real amber. Be cautious and vigilant when purchasing amber jewelry, especially if the price seems too good to be true.

Copal Look-alike

Copal is a resin that is often mistaken for genuine amber. It is younger and not fully fossilized, making it less valuable and less durable than authentic amber. Copal can closely resemble amber in appearance, color, and even smell. However, it lacks the geological age and hardness of genuine amber. To differentiate copal from amber, carefully review the physical properties mentioned earlier, such as hardness, scent, and fluorescence.


Identifying genuine amber jewelry involves a combination of visual inspection, tests, expert evaluation, and purchasing from reputable sellers. Remember to consider key physical properties such as color, transparency, hardness, and electrostatic properties of the amber. Perform tests like the scent test, UV light test, rubbing test, and heat test to further verify authenticity. Seek the expertise of gemologists or jewelry professionals for a thorough evaluation, and ensure the seller provides authenticity certificates. Beware of imitations, such as plastic or glass substitutes, as well as copal look-alikes. By following these guidelines and taking necessary precautions, you can confidently identify and purchase genuine amber jewelry.